For many people, varicose veins characterized by spider veins are simply a cosmetic concern. Nonetheless, for some people, varicose veins can cause aching pain and discomfort and might lead to more serious problems of veins. If signs of varicose veins are indicated, medical attention provided by expert vascular doctors must be sought as soon as possible. Not only to prevent serious complications of varicose veins, but appropriate treatments largely reduce the risks of the recurrence.
Get To Know “Varicose Veins”
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood from the body toward the heart for recirculation. In our body, systemic veins are classified into superficial veins (located in the fatty layer under the skin) and deep veins which are found in muscles or along bones. Within the veins, especially those of the legs are valves, flap like structures made of elastic tissue. The valve’s function is to keep blood moving in one direction against gravity. Muscle contractions in lower legs act as pumps and vein walls help blood returning to the heart. As a regular pattern, tiny valves in veins open as blood flows toward the heart and close to stop blood from flowing backward. If these valves are weakening or damaged, blood can flow backward and pool in the veins, causing the veins to stretch or twist, leading to varicose veins.
Severity Of Varicose Veins
Degree of severity varies from painless spider veins, leg pain, swelling foot and leg with the presence of veins that appear twisted and bulging, often look like cords on the leg. Skin color might turn to be dark brown with rough and dry skin texture. This might lead to skin inflammation and infection.
- Age: Aging causes wear and tear on the valves in the veins that help regulate blood flow.
- Obesity: Being overweight puts added pressure on the veins.
- Occupation requires standing or sitting for long periods of time.
- Sex: Women are more likely to develop varicose veins. Hormonal changes during pregnancy may be a factor since female hormones tend to relax vein walls and affect valve’s function. In addition, during pregnancy, the volume of blood in the body increases, resulting in enlarged veins in the legs.
- Other factors may include abnormalities of veins and history of blood clot formation
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