When patients with diabetes cannot control their sugar levels, they are generally at risk for a number of diabetesrelated complications. When patients with uncontrolled diabetesdevelop a viral infection, it can potentially result in severe symptoms. There appear to be from the following reasons:
- Higher-than-normal blood sugar levels weaken the immune system, causing an impaired immune response. As a result, it becomes more difficult to fight against the virus effectively. Viruses can grow exponentially and spread rapidly.
- Having -diabetesrelated complications or other comorbidities in addition to diabetes increases the chance of getting seriously ill from COVID-19.
- Viral infections cause body inflammation, leading to an elevated blood sugar in patients with diabetes. Poor blood sugar control effects immune system and fluid balance as well as worsens the co-morbidity and diabetes complications that patients already have had.
Nevertheless, the severity of COVID-19 disease has not been evidently related to types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
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