Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis – An Autoimmune Disease That Leads To Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism and Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: Visual Explanation for Students  - YouTubeHashimoto’s Thyroiditis : The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. It is a vital hormone gland that plays several major roles in the metabolism, growth and development of the body. The thyroid gland helps to regulate body functions by constantly releasing a steady amount of thyroid hormones into the bloodstream. Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient thyroid hormones, causing metabolism to slow down, weight gain, fatigue and other symptoms. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system creates antibodies that damage the thyroid gland, leading to acute or chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland. Inflammation from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis often leads to hypothyroidism. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. Although Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a rare condition and it primarily affects middle-aged women, it can also attack men and women of any age including children. Therefore, being aware of its signs and symptoms remains important to seek accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment in a timely manner.

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